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History Of India - For "No Time" Tagged Readers

Let’s first understand the word “history”.

  • History is a social science with storytelling.
  • History is discovery, collection and presentation of information about past events with its cause and effect.
  • History is a record of past.
  • Greek word ‘Historia’ means inquiry, judging and knowledge acquired by investigation.
  • For learning history, it is compulsory to understand/know geography, economics and anthropology simultaneously.



Now coming to India, ‘pre-independence’ Indian history had:

1.            Stone age            : 30,000 BC to 3300 BC
2.            Bronze age         : 3300 BC to 1500 BC
3.            Iron age               : 1500 BC onwards.

So here’s the History of India post-1500 BC, within my knowledge and research. The following sections are quite detailed and may appeal more to readers with academic interests. If you belong to the other side, I’d suggest you jump straight to Summary section.


1400 BC to 1300 BC
Raja Bharat was ruling India with Hastinapur as capital.
His two sons Pandu having five sons - Pandavas and Dhrutarastra having 100 sons - Kavravas.
1200 BC
Raja Dashratha and later his son Ram ruled India with Ayodhya as its capital.
563 BC to 483 BC
Gautam Buddha established religion "Buddha" leaving to rule and becoming a saint.
540 BC to 458 BC
Bhagwan Mahavir formed "Jain" religion.
327 BC
Sikandar (Alexandar - The great)


Maurya Dynasty
321 BC to 273 BC
Capital: Magadh (Patna)

321 BC to 300 BC
Chandragupta Maurya
300 BC to 272 BC
Bindusar
273 BC to 232 BC
Ashok - the great
190 BC
Demetrius of Bactria won over India and ruled
100 BC to 500 AD
Shak Rulers (alias - Sithian), Turk and Bektians


Gupta Dynasty
(275 - 570)
Capital: Patliputra (Patna)

275
Shree Gupta
300 – 320
Ghototkach
320 – 330
Chandragupta I
330 – 340
Samdragupta
Ramgupta
Chandragupta II (a/s Vikramaditya)
341 – 455
Kumar Gupta
455 – 468
Skandgupta
469
Purugupta
Buddhagupta I
Narsinh Gupta
Kumar Gupta II
Buddhagupta II


Hun Rulers
(455 – 500)


Raja Torman

Raja Mihirgul

606
Harsh Vardhan (Capital: Kannauj)


Gurjar Pratihar Dynasty

606
Harsh Vardhan (Capital: Kannauj)
783 – 795
Vatsaraj
795 – 833
Nag Bhatt
833 – 836
Ram Bhatt
836 – 889
Mihir Bhoj (alias Bhoj I)


Pal Dynasty

750 – 770
Gopal I
770 – 810
Dharmapal
810 – 850
Devpal
Vigrahapal I
Narayanpal
Rajyapal
Gopal II
975
Jaipal (Capital: Lahore)
988
Vigrahapal II
988   - 1038
Nanopal I
1038 – 1055
Naipal
1055 – 1072
Vigrahalpal III
1073 – 1130
Rampal

790 – 1019
Parmar Dynasty


Chol Dynasty
(950-1044)
Capital: Kaviripaddinam (South India)


Vijayalaya

Rajaraj

Rajendra


Sen Dynasty (Bengal)

1095 – 1158
Vijay Sen
1158 – 1178
Vallal Sen
1178 – 1205
Laxman Sen

Gahadval Dynasty
(Capital: Varanasi)

1104 – 1114
Raja Chaudradev
Raja Madanpal
Raja Govindchandra
1154 – 1170
Vijaychandra
1170 – 1194
Jaichand


Chalukya (Solanki) Dynasty
Capital: Patan (Gujarat)

942 – 955
Mulraj I
997 – 1000
Chamundra
1000 – 1022
Durlabhraj
1022 – 1074
Bhimraj I
1094 – 1143
Siddhraj Jaisinh
1143 – 1173
Kumarpal
1173 – 1178
Mulraj II


Afghan Dynasty
(996 – 1526)

Gujani Dynasty
(996 – 1186)

996 – 1030
Mahmud Gijani
1030 – 1031
Mohmad
1031 – 1040
Masaud I
1040 – 1051
Maudud
1051 – 1052
Abdul Rashid
1052 – 1058
Fakarusad
1058 – 1098
Ibrahim
1098 – 1118
Masaud II
1118 – 1121
Aarsalan
1121 – 1152
Baheram
1152 – 1159
Khusharn
1159 – 1186
Khusharn Malek


Ghori Dynasty

1186 – 1206
Shahabuddin a/s Mohmad Ghori


Gulam Dynasty
(1206 - 1290)

1206 – 1210
Kutumudin Aibak
1210 – 1211
Aaram Shah
1211 – 1236
Iltutmis
1236
Rukunudin Firozshah
1236 – 1240
Riziya Sultana
1240 – 1242
Behram Shah
1242 – 1246
Allahudin Masud Shah
1246 – 1265
Narisarudin Balbun
1265 – 1287
Gyasuddin Balban
1287 – 1290
Kaikubad
1290
Kayumars


Khilji Dynasty
(1290 - 1320)

1290 – 1296
Jalaluddin Firoz Khilji
1296 – 1316
Allaudin Khilji
1316
Shahbuddin Umar
1316 – 1320
Kutubbuddin Mubarak Khilji
1320
Nasruddin Khushro Shah


Tuglak Dynasty
 (1320 - 1414)

1320 – 1325
Gyasuddin Tuglak
1325 – 1351
Mahummad Tuglak
1351 - 1388
Firoz Tuglak
1388 – 1389
Gyasuddin Tuglak II
1389 – 1390
Abbu Bakra
1390 – 1394
Mahummad
1394 – 1395
Humayun
1395 – 1414
Nasruddin Mahummad


Saiyad Dynasty
(1414 - 1451)

1414 – 1421
Khrijra Khan
1421 – 1434
Mubarak Shah
1434 – 1445
Mahummad Shah
1445 – 1450
Allauddin Allam Shah


Lodi Dynasty
(1451 - 1526)

1451 – 1489
Bahlol Lodi
1489 – 1517
Sikander Lodi
1517 – 1526
Ibrahim Lodi

Vijaynagar
Capital: Vijaynagar (South India)

1336 – 1485
Sangam Vansh
Harihar Bukka
1485 – 1505
Saluv Vansh
Narsinh Saluv
1505 – 1570
Tuluv Vansh
Vir Narsinh
1570 – 1650
Aravidu Vansh
Teerumalav

1336 – 1365
Harihar I
1365 – 1377
Bikkarai
1377 – 1404
Harihar II
1404 – 1406
Harihar II
1406 – 1410
Devrai I
1410 – 1419
Virvijay
1419 – 1446
Devrai II
1447 – 1467
Mallikarjun
1467 – 1478
Virupaxarai
1478 – 1486
Padirai
1486 – 1492
Narsinh Saluv
150 1516 – 1530
Krishnadev Rai



Mughal Dynasty
(1526 – 1857)
Capital: Delhi

1526 – 1530
Babar
1530 – 1540
Humayun
1540 – 1555
Afghan Ruler Sherkhan (alias Shershah)**
1555 – 1556
Humayun
1556 – 1605
Akbar
1605 – 1627
Jahangir
1628 – 1658
Shah Jahan
1658 – 1707
Aurangzeb
1707 – 1712
Bahudur Shah I
1712 – 1713
Jahadar Shah
1713 – 1719
Farukhsiyar
1719 – 1748
Mohhamad Shah
1739
Sirajudaula of Bengal**
Hyderali and Tipu Sultan of Mysore**
1748 – 1754
Ahmed Shah
1754 – 1759
Aalamgiri II
1759 – 1806
Shah Aalam II
1806 – 1837
Akbar II
1837 – 1857
Bahadurshah Zafar

1510
Portugal (Goa)**
** = Non-Mughal Emperors


Rajput Dynasty

1500 – 1597
Rajasthan - Mevar
Rana Sanga
Vikram
Udesinh
Maha Rana Pratap
Amarsinh Pratap


Maratha
(1674 – 1819)

1674 – 1680
Maharashtra - Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj
1680 – 1739
Peshvas of Pune
Shinde of Gwalior
Gaikwad of Baroda
Holkar of Indore

1785 – 1846
Punjab - Raja Ranjitsinh X
Gwar Govindsinh asked and developed Sikh rulers


British who ruled India

1615
Tomas Raw got permission for business by East India Co.
1639
Started East India Co. at Surat and Madras.


Governors of Bengal

1757 - 1760
Robert Clive
1760
Holvel
1760 - 1765
Venci Tart
1765 - 1767
Clive
1767 - 1769
Verelest
1769 - 1773
Cartier


Governors of India

1773 - 1785
Waren Hosting
1785 - 1786
Sir John Maikfursen
1786 - 1793
Lord Cornwallis
1793 - 1798
Sir John Shor
1798 - 1805
Richard Waleslly
1805 - 1807
Lord Cornwallis
1807 - 1813
Al Of Minto
1813 - 1823
Lord Hosting
1823 - 1828
Lord Amherst
1828
William Waterbirth
1828 - 1833
Lord William Bentik


Governors Generals of India

1833 - 1835
Lord William Bentik
1835 - 1836
Sir Charles Metcalfe
1836 - 1842
Lord Awkland
1842 - 1844
Lord Ellenboro
1844 - 1848
Sir Henrickharding
1848 - 1856
Lord Dalhousie
1856 - 1858
Lord Canning


1857
Viplav of 1857 (Freedom movement against British Rule)
Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi
1885
Indian National Congress formed
1916
Muslim League started


Viceroys of India

1858 - 1862
Lord Canning
1862 - 1863
Lord Algin I
1863 - 1869
Sir John Lawrence
1869 - 1872
Lord Meyo
1872 - 1876
Lord Northbrook
1876 - 1880
Lord Liton
1880 - 1884
Lord Ripon
1884 - 1888
Lord Dufrene
1888 - 1894
Lord Lancedown
1894 - 1899
Lord Algin II
1899 - 1905
Lord Kazan
1905 - 1910
Lord Minto II
1910 - 1916
Lord Harding II
1916 - 1921
Lord Champsford
1921 - 1926
Lord Reading
1926 - 1931
Lord Ervin
1931 - 1936
Lord Willington
1936 - 1944
Lord Linlithong
1944 - 1947
Lord Vevel
March 1947 to June 1948
Lord Mount Beton

Summary:


30000 BC to 3300 BC
Stone Age

3300 BC to 1500 BC
Bronze Age

1500 BC onwards
Iron Age

1400 BC
Raja Bharat &  later Raja Dhratrastra
Hastinapur
1200 BC
Raja Dasaratha & later Raja Ram
Ayodhya
600 BC to 500 BC
Gautam Buddha & Bhagwan Mahavir

321 BC to 232 BC
Maurya Dynasty

100 BC to 500 BC
Shak (Aalias Sithian)

56 BC
Vikramaditya

275 – 570
Gupta Dynasty

606
Harsh Vardhan

783 – 795
Gurjar Pratihar Dynasty

750 – 1130
Pal Dynasty

790 – 1019
Parmar Dynasty

1095 - 1205
Sen Dynasty
Bengal
1104 - 1194
Gadadval Dynasty
Varanasi
942 – 1178
Chalukya (Solanki) Dynasty
Patan (Gujarat)
996 – 1526
Afghan Dynasty

1336 - 1650
Vijaynagar State of Krishnadevrai
Vijaynagar (South India - Delhi)
1526 - 1858
Mughal Emperor

1500 - 1597
Rajput Dynasty (including Maharana Pratap)
Mevad (Rajasthan)
1630 - 1680
Maratha Emperors (Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj)
Maharashtra
1785 - 1846
Rana Sikh Dynasty (of Maharaj Ranjitsinh)
Punjab
1757 - 1947
British Rule
Calcutta and New Delhi


References:


  1. History of India by Suresh Shroff (2010) by Navbharat Sahitya Mandir, Ahmedabad.        (Gujarat)
  2. History At A Glance - Swami Sachchidanand (1990) - Gujarat Prakashan, Ahmedabad         (Gujarat)
  3. Bharat Na Samrato - Jitendra Patel (2011) Parshva Publication, Ahmedabad. (Gujarat)
  4. Brief History Of Wars In India - Swami Sachchidananda - Gurjar Publication, Ahmedabad. (Gujarat)
  5. Bharatkhand No Itihas Sar (Gujarati)
  6. Wikipedia.org
  7. World History (1956) – Jawaharlal Nehru, Navjivan Prakashak, Ahmedabad


Image Source: Arise Bharat

Comments

  1. It's a great compilation of Indian history and the timeline of the rulers (often invaders) as they happened. Brings back this great old topic of debate - haven't we always be slaves to, or ruled by one or the other Ruler/King/Community? If we choose to believe today that we're free and independent, what has really changed from how it has always been over the centuries? One thing I can say for sure, the "slavery" to the fairer skin and foreigners hasn't completely gone away from our minds as yet.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. You have rightly observed the real point...crux of the matter...We have learned to enjoy being the second citizen in our own country as slave or if less than that at least servants...under some or other ruler. To make us subordinate and rule us is not difficult at all, because we are mentally prepared to remain so. Otherwise how can Ghazini loot us more than sixteen times or say how can 1000-2000 Britishers make us their subordinate in just fifty years.

      We have traitors ready to sell our country for minor personnel gain and ready to allow dominance.

      That makes us happy praising Nehru dynasty of Jawaharlal , Indira ,Rajiv , Sonia and Rahul Gandhi and respecting them for no reason. Our this nature make us enjoying US more than India. (I have summarised this in my article about what went wrong to India.)

      Delete
    2. I agree! I have read the article you're referring to: https://blog.drbharatdesai.com/2013/02/what-went-wrong-in-history-of-india.html

      It's the classic depiction of how nothing has changed much for a commoner in India - they remain suppressed, exploited and ruled by the powerful people - earlier the British, and later the pseudo-Indians! It's for us to wait and watch how the Modi-government turns these statistics around... I must say, the change is slow.

      Delete
    3. Yes.

      History demands , we have to change from what we are to what we should be.
      We have to develop habit of being honest and non-corrupt oneself. Selfishness and idleness are also important.

      We have to grow self-esteem very high or slavery is certain to follow. We have to help ourselves. That is the need of hour.

      Delete

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ભગવાન શિવ શંકર – ભોલેનાથ

શિવ – શંકર – ભોલેનાથ તરીકે
ભગવાન શંકર નો પરિચય ભોલેનાથ તરીકે અવરનવાર આપવામાં આવે છે, તે અમસ્તો નથી. તેના ભોળપણ ના અસંખ્ય દાખલાઓ તેમના જીવનમાથી જોવા મળે છે, તેથી આ વાત સાબિત થયેલ છે. તો, ચાલો,તેની વિગત મેળવીએ.

ભગવાન શિવ દુનિયાદારીથી તદ્દન અજાણ હતા એટલે તેમને લગ્ન કેવી રીતે થાય, લગ્ન પછી ઘર કેમ જોઈએ અથવા લગ્ન પછી શરીર સંબધ શા માટે જરૂરી તેની બિલકુલ ખબર નહોતી.